Injury Epidemiology using ed data

US Emergency Department Encounters for Law Enforcement–Associated Injury, 2006-2012

Funded by NHLBI

Under the guidance of Dr. Delgado, LDI fellow Elinore Kaufman used a nationally representative database to determine whether the incidence of emergency department (ED) visits for injures by law enforcement increased relative to total ED visits from 2006 to 2012. 

Recurrent Violent Injury: Magnitude, Risk Factors, and Opportunities for Intervention from a Statewide Analysis

Funded by NHLBI

Under the guidance of Dr. Delgado, LDI fellow Elinore Kaufman used claims data to evaluate the true incidence of recurrent violent injury in the emergency department.

Funded by Leonard Davis Institute at the University of Pennsylvania

Under the guidance of Dr. Delgado, LDI fellow Edouard Coupet determined the total annual charges for the acute care of injuries from interpersonal violence and the shift in financial responsibility for these charges after the Medicaid expansion from the Affordable Care Act in 2014 to identify stakeholders with a financial stake in prevention.

Funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

The goal of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for hospitalization shortly following discharge home from an ED visit for traumatic injury in older adults.  Multivariable logistic regression was used to establish independent risk factors for hospital admission.  We found that among older adults treated and discharged from the ED for an injury, those who have high comorbidity burdens, have abdominal or orthopedic injuries, and live in poor neighborhoods are at increased risk of hospitalization within 9 or 30 days of ED discharge.

Funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

The goal of this study was to examine perspectives of patients' family members and health care providers on family participation in rounds in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) and the potential use of telemedicine to facilitate this process.  The interviews within this study exposed that both patients' family members and health care providers described inconsistent practices surrounding family participation in ICU rounds as well as barriers to and facilitators of family participation. Family members identified 3 primary logistical challenges to participation in ICU rounds: distance to hospitals, work/family obligations, and the rounding schedule.  The study led to the conclusion that telemedical options may facilitate participation for families that live far away or have competing demands.

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