Safer Management of acute Pain

Active Projects

PI: Kit Delgado, MD, MS

The goal of this quality improvement project is to right-size the duration of opioid prescriptions following orthopedic surgery by collecting baseline patient feedback data on opioid tablets taken within 7-days. We will then deploy new evidence-based prescribing guidelines by procedure using new electronic medical record ordersets with default opioid quantities.

Right Sizing Opioid Prescriptions Following Orthopedic Surgery Using Patient-Feedback Data and Electronic Medical Record Orderset Defaults

PI: Amol Navathe, MD, PhD; Mitesh Patel, MD, MBA, MS, University of Pennsylvania

The objective of this study is to conduct a pragmatic randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effect of two scalable behavioral economics approaches to reduce physician opioid prescribing: electronic health record (EHR) default option for the number of pills per opioid prescription and providing monthly social comparison feedback to physicians on opioid prescribing patterns. We will compare EHR default options and social comparison feedback individually and in combination.

Using Default Options to Decrease Opioid Prescribing Durations

PI: Kit Delgado, MD, MS; Anish Agarwal, MD, MPH; Zarina Ali, MD, MS, University of Pennsylvania

The objective of this study is to build upon prior telephone follow up and understand the ability of translating it to an automated bi-directional text messaging interface. We will integrate with, and expand upon, the ERAP Program to work across surgical specialties (orthopedics, sports medicine, neurosurgery) and emergency medicine.

A scalable, patient-centered approach for “right-sizing” opioid prescribing.

Recent News
Image by Marek Levák

October 15, 2019

Health Data Management: EMR Alerts Aid Compliance with State Law Limiting Opioid Prescribing

Medicine Prescription

August 17, 2018

Bloomberg: Two Small Nudges Help Cut Back on Opioid Prescriptions

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August 9, 2018

New England Journal of Medicine: Opioid Prescribing Limits for Acute Pain — Striking the Right Balance

Publications

Funded by the Leonard Davis Institute 

Curbing excessive prescribing is part of a multipronged strategy for combating the opioid epidemic. Although prescribing limits seem like a commonsense approach to reducing exposure, adoption of these policies is outpacing the evidence. We do not yet know whether mandating a duration of 3 versus 5 versus 7 days meaningfully reduces either the amount of opioid supplied or the incidence of long-term use. Evaluation of existing prescribing limits is needed to determine whether they achieve the intended goals while minimizing unintended consequences. 

Funded by NIDA and the NICHD

We describe the variation in emergency department (ED) opioid prescribing for a common minor injury, ankle sprain, and determine the association between initial opioid prescription intensity and transition to prolonged opioid use.Opioid prescribing for ED patients treated for ankle sprains is common and highly variable. Although infrequent in this population, prescriptions greater than 225 MME were associated with higher rates of prolonged opioid use. This is concerning because these prescriptions could still fall within 5- or 7-day supply limit policies aimed at promoting safer opioid prescribing.

Funded by NIDA and the NICHD

Under Dr. Delgado, this study evaluated the effect of prescribing behavior associated with the implementation of an EMR opioid default supply quantity.  The 41 weeks of EMR data in two Philadelphia hospitals were used to test for differences in the mean and median number of tablets supplied per week and to determine differences in proportions of prescription quantities. Results supported that a lower-than-baseline default opioid quantity for acute pain is potentially a widely scalable approach for changing prescribing behavior, while still preserving clinician autonomy.

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Copyright © 2018 Behavioral Science and Analytics for Injury Research. All rights reserved.

Kit.Delgado@uphs.upenn.edu

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